Diabetic Retinopathy affecting diabetic patients - Causes, symptoms, and treatment

As observed in patients with high blood sugar levels, diabetic retinopathy is a complication that affects the eyes. Diabetic retinopathy treatment in Kolkata is offered at some of the renowned eye clinics. In patients affected with diabetic retinopathy it is found that the blood vessels of the light sensitive tissue located at the posterior part (back of the eye) of the retina are damaged. In the initial stages the condition may not cause any visible symptom but eventually could lead to blindness if left untreated.

According to the eye specialists of the best eye hospital in Hooghly, diabetic retinopathy is observed in patients belonging to different age groups and having type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The eye condition aggravates if blood sugar levels are not controlled or contained and the longer you are affected with high blood sugar, the more likely you could develop the condition with each passing day.

Diabetic retinopathy is best defined as -

As depicted by the eye specialists treating patients with diabetic retinopathy treatment in Kolkata, this is an eye condition which causes when the blood sugar levels are not controlled leading to rupturing of the blood vessels in the retina. If left untreated for long, this condition might even lead to blindness or loss of vision. The diabetes retinopathy affects the blood vessels in the retina which is the light-sensitive tissue layer found in the posterior part of the retina. People affected with the condition may not have any visible symptom in the initial stages, but it is important to go for comprehensive dilated eye examination at least once in a year.

The eye specialists of the best eye hospital in Howrah suggests finding the eye condition early which will help in prescribing proper treatment to protect your vision. In diabetic retinopathy the presence of sugar in blood blocks the tiny blood vessels linking the retina which causes them to rupture or bleed. The best way to deal with diabetic retinopathy is to lower the blood sugar levels by staying physically active, eating nutritious foods, and taking your medicine as per the prescribed time.

Visible symptoms of diabetic retinopathy are -

Patient's arriving at the eye clinics for diabetic retinopathy treatment in Kolkata might not have symptoms at the early stages of the condition, but the symptoms might progress and appear as -

  • Dark floating strings in your vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Vision fluctuating sporadically
  • Color vision weakens to a certain extent
  • Appearance of dark patches in the field of vision
  • Complete loss of vision

Citing the above symptoms of diabetic retinopathy careful management of the condition can only help in preventing vision loss. However, if you have diabetes (type 1 or type 2) then immediately see your eye doctor and go for a yearly eye exam with dilation.

Diabetic retinopathy is best treated as -

Retinopathy treatment in Kolkata has improved a lot with the application of latest and advanced treatment procedures and your eye doctor is the right person of keeping track of the progression of the eye condition. In the early stages of the condition the doctor would conduct a comprehensive dilated eye exam as often as 2 to 4 months at a stretch. However, in the later stages when diabetes retinopathy aggravates it is important to consult a doctor to start treatment immediately. However, the first thing to do is to control blood sugar levels and cholesterol as well. Some of the latest treatment offered for diabetic retinopathy are -

  • Eye injections
  • Administering medicines or anti - VEGF drug through injections can help in slowing the progression of the condition and reserve diabetic retinopathy as well. Apart from eye injections, other medicines like corticosteroids can even help in treating the condition.

  • Laser treatment
  • In the laser treatment lasers are used for the treatment of diabetes retinopathy which works by reducing swelling in the retina and the use of lasers helps the blood vessels shrink and stop leaking blood at the same time.

  • Surgical process
  • It is the only treatment procedure when there is a lot of bleeding from the retina or if there are any scars in the eyes, and vitrectomy is the surgical process often recommended by your eye doctors for treating diabetes retinopathy.

Apart from the treatment process applicable for diabetes retinopathy, careful management of diabetes or high blood sugar levels can only help in preventing vision loss. According to the eye doctors of the best eye hospital in Howrah, early detection of the condition will only help in the treatment process and increases the effectiveness of it.

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