Everything you need to know about Phacoemulsification for cataract surgery

Phacoemulsification- a common cataract surgery performed for the treatment of cataract and help restore vision in patients. Cataract surgery in Kolkata in many of the eye clinics and most of the clinics recommend using phacoemulsification for vision correction in the cataract patients. The cataract patients complain about cloudy vision which happens because of the lens located behind the iris becomes cloudy. Being cloudy the lens loses its capability of producing clear and sharp images.

What is phacoemulsification?

Performed at the best eye hospital in Hooghly, phacoemulsification is the surgical treatment process of cataract which is recommended by the eye specialists. In this surgical procedure the internal lens of the affected eyes is emulsified using ultrasonic energy and is then replaced with an intraocular lens or IOL implant. During the surgical procedure the probe inserted breaks the cloudy lens into tiny bits and later sucks them out using a vacuum.

During the process the surgeon will place a permanent artificial lens or IOL where the natural lens used to be. The surgical procedure is usually performed under local anaesthesia which is only done for the prevention of normal or natural eye movement. In some cases, topical anaesthetic is used to desensitize the local area and the entire procedure can be completed between 15 minutes to one hour only.

How is the patient prepped for the procedure?

Cataract surgery in Kolkata is quite often performed at several clinics and post-surgery or phacoemulsification vision has been successfully restored in many patients. However, before the surgical procedure the patients are prepped as prescribed by the eye specialist. Before the surgical procedure an A-scan measurement is done helping determine the length of the eyeball. This technique even helps in determining the refractive power of the IOL as well. Other pre-surgical examinations such as a chest x-ray, blood tests, and urinalysis might be prescribed to check for any other medical conditions.

What is the procedure of phacoemulsification, and how is it performed?

For the treatment of cataract, it is highly recommended opting for the best hospital for cataract surgery in Kolkata offering phacoemulsification. While performing the phacoemulsification procedure the surgeon makes a small incision at the boundary line of the cornea to make an opening or a gap in the membrane to reach the lens. An ultrasonic probe is then inserted into the opening which breaks up the cloudy lens into tiny bits or fragments. The instrument inserted into the opening vibrates at ultrasonic speed and dissolves the cloudy lens.

After the removal of the lens fragments an intraocular lens or IOL is then inserted or implanted by positioning into the natural orbit of the lens. Phacoemulsification in only performed by an experienced surgeon at the eye hospital in Howrah and the artificial lens is inserted through the tiny corneal incision using a hollowed-out tube. Positioning of the new lens is done by pushing it through till it unfolds and is positioned in its natural place.

The risks or complexities associated with phacoemulsification procedure are -

Risks and complications can be associated with any form of surgical process, there can be some risks and complications associated with phacoemulsification as well. However, the complications associated with phacoemulsification performed for cataract surgery in Kolkata may not be that frequent and are minor ones persist only. As with any other surgery, after a cataract surgery there can be a possibility of -

  • Eye infections which can be treated by administrating antibiotics
  • Eye inflammations or redness and swelling of the eyes
  • Unnatural swelling of cornea
  • Vision loss (in some cases)
  • Retina gets detached of its location

However, the good thing is that the risks and complications associated with phacoemulsification can be counteracted if the patient strictly follows the surgeon's instructions given pre- and post-surgery.

What is the recovery time post phacoemulsification?

To perform phacoemulsification, there is a requirement of making an incision in the cornea where there is no requirement of making stitches as everything heals by itself naturally. Within a few days of time the incision heals completely naturally. As prescribed by the best eye specialist of the best hospital for cataract surgery in Kolkata, post-surgery eye drops are administered and usually consists of steroids, antibiotics, and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication as well.

The eye drops are administered to reduce any eye inflammation and reduce the chances of infections. After continuing for about 10-7 days the antibiotics are discontinued, however, steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can be further continued for over 3-6 weeks depending on the surgery. As observed in many patients, post phacoemulsification there has been noticeable improvement in vision which improves steadily after about 4-6 weeks.

Phacoemulsification and implantation of intraocular lenses can be ideal for patients belonging from any age group or having any other types of eye diseases as well. However, the diabetic patients might be at higher risk and because of diabetes their eye problems might even worsen after the procedure as well. The surgeon is the right person to decide if the patient is eligible for phacoemulsification procedure only after properly examining the eyes as discussed on every consultation.

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