Diabetes affecting health and eye vision - Here is everything you need to know

Diabetes; if not kept under check might cause several health problems including vision problems as well. The diabetic retinopathy is the disease affecting the eyes of a diabetic individual, and once diagnosed and confirmed in patients, then they are recommended for retinopathy treatment in Kolkata. In diabetic patients the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissues present at the posterior portion of the retina gets damaged which leads to several vision issues. The patient might not even experience any serious apart from the mild vision issues.

What is a diabetic retinopathy?

Found in most of the diabetic patients, diabetic retinopathy is actually the term used to define diabetes related retina problems. As depicted by the eye specialists of a leading eye hospital in Howrah, a person suffering from diabetic retinopathy might experience sense light waves bouncing off the objects because the light enters your eyes and strikes at the posterior part of the retina. This sends signals to the brain making you feel and sense what you are seeing.

In most of the diabetic patients with increasing sugar levels in the blood vessels are damaged throughout the body including the blood vessels present in the retina. It is the most common eye problem and the patients arrive at the eye hospital diabetic retinopathy treatment which is specifically designed to notice the problems with your vision. This common eye problem affects almost one-third of the patients with both type 1and type 2 diabetes over the age group of 40. This is a serious eye problem which calls for immediate treatment and if left untreated it could lead to serious complications like macular edema and glaucoma.

The symptoms associated with diabetes-related eye problems can be stated as -

As depicted by the best eye specialist of the best eye hospital in Hooghly, there can be several problems associated with diabetes and can occur in both eye at the same time. Some common symptoms can be stated as -

  • Patients experiencing presence of "floaters"
  • Blurred vision
  • Having difficulty in seeing at dimly lighted areas or night
  • Quality of vision decreases
  • Having problem in distinguishing colors or having color vision syndrome

The above-mentioned problems are often observed in every diabetic patient but if left untreated then these symptoms can even develop into -

  • Appearance of empty or darkened spots in your field of vision
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Partial blindness or even complete blindness

The bad thing about diabetic eye problems is that once you develop them, they cannot be reversed and the only option left is to try and prevent the problems become worse.

How can diabetes affect your eyes?

To prevent diabetes-related eye problems, the doctors of a leading eye hospital in Howrah recommend regular eye check-ups once you have developed diabetes. Increased blood sugar levels in can lead to some serious diseases like -

  • Cataracts
  • Cataract is an eye disease where the lenses of the eyes get cloudy, and you cannot focus on any particular image or object. People having diabetes tend to get cataract at an early age and having cataract the eye lens get cloudy and every image viewed like a smudged window. The lens loses its capability to focus, and you can't see well, and other symptoms include blurred vision and glare.

  • Blurred vision
  • Having high blood sugar levels can lead to blurred vision and things will start appearing blurry. It can be a small issue caused due to diabetes, but there are chances that the eye lens could start swelling which changes the ability to see properly. The best way to treat blurry vision in diabetic patients is keep the blood glucose level under 70-130 milligrams per decilitre. Once detected it may take at least 3 months to restore normal vision.

  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic people can easily develop glaucoma which is a serious eye condition where pressure builds up inside your eye and the eye fluids can't drain as it should. The fluids in the eyes not drained properly can damage the nerves and nerves and blood vessels which changes vision. Only medications can treat open-angle glaucoma by lowering eye pressure, and it is the most common form of the disease.

What are the best ways to protect eyes if you have diabetes?

As suggested by the eye specialist of the best eye hospital in Hooghly, the best way to protect your eyes from diabetes-related eye problems is to keep your blood glucose level under check. The higher the blood glucose levels, higher the chances of developing the diabetic retinopathy complications. Some of the best way to protect the eyes are -

  • Consult an eye doctor once a year to dilate your pupils and check your retinas helping detect the problem at an early stage.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect the eyes from UVA and UVB rays of the sun, as longer exposure to these rays can speed up the development of cataract and macular problems
  • Keep blood pressure under check and follow the medications to lower it, as high blood pressure can aggravate glaucoma.
  • Stop smoking immediately, as it causes damage to the blood vessels in the eyes and could worsen the condition.

However, being a diabetic patient if you are noticing vision changes or any unusual eye problems such as pain, redness, double vision or eye pressure then it is time to see a doctor at the earliest. Going for early treatment of the eyes when you are a diabetes patient will only prevent the problem from getting worse.

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