The most effective and proven treatment for retinopathy of prematurity or ROP is by implementing laser therapy which is conducted by highly skilled doctors. In the Retinopathy of prematurity treatment in Howrah, laser therapy can successfully burn the periphery of the retina where the normal blood vessels pass through. In this therapy, the eye specialists are known to use an instrument that can generate freezing temperatures only needed to briefly touch the spots of the surface of the eyes that are found in the periphery of the retina. Apart from laser therapy, there is another treatment process known as cryotherapy which helps in destroying the peripheral areas of the retina and helps in reversing the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina.
What is Retinopathy of Prematurity?
As explained by the best eye specialist in Hooghly, Retinopathy of prematurity or ROP is a highly potential blinding disease which is caused by the abnormal development of blood vessels in premature infants. The retina of the eyes is the inner layer that is responsible for receiving light and turns that light into visual messages that are directly sent to the brain. When an infant is born prematurely, there are chances that the retinal blood vessels can grow abnormally. However, it is also found that in most cases, ROP resolves naturally without causing any major damage to the retina. But in severe cases, it can cause the retina to totally detach from the wall of the eye and could even cause blindness as well. Infants weighing 1250 grams or less than it are at the highest risk.
How does a baby get affected by ROP?
As observed in infants visiting the clinics for Retinopathy of prematurity treatment in Hooghly, most of them are able to see normally or have normal vision for their age. It becomes very concerning only when the condition progresses further to the severe stages and the vision of the infant could be lost. However, the best thing is that most of the ROP issues have been resolved without any vision loss of the infants. But according to the eye specialists of the clinics, no one can predict which infants will do well during the treatment and which will not develop any serious problems. With effective screening technology and timely treatment, most of the important factors working behind or associated with ROP can be prevented, thus averting any chances of vision loss.
What is the severity of the eye disease?
As found in around 90 percent of the cases and all the infants with ROP visiting the eye hospitals ROP treatment eye hospital in Hooghly with milder category do not require any further treatment, and the disease resolves the natural way. However, there have been cases where infants with very severe disease can even develop impaired vision or even blindness as well. Globally about 1,100-1,500 infants could develop ROP annually which is severe enough and requires medical treatment for recovery. It is also found that around 400-600 infants each year in several countries could become blind from ROP disease.
How ROP can be treated in eye clinic in Howrah?
According to an ROP surgeon in Hooghly, there are two different processes that are applied to determine that if a child has reached Type I ROP or not. The first method involved in the treatment process is laser ablation which is basically applied in cases where the infants are diagnosed with an immature retina. This method or process of treatment has been basically in use for around for several years and is still the most commonly used method of treatment. Apart from the first treatment methods, the second method of treatment involves injecting medications such as Avastin or Lucentis which have both been used in the eyes from causing the abnormal blood vessels to form in the infants. These medications are basically used as an alternative in addition to laser therapy.
What does ROP treatment involve?
Apart from laser therapy, the ROP treatment process conducted at the eye hospital in Howrah is completed in two stages -
This treatment process involves placing a silicone band around the eye of the infant and tightens it accordingly. With the application of scleral buckle, it helps in keeping the vitreous gel from putting pressure upon the scar tissue and lets the retina to flatten back naturally onto the eyewalls. However, the infants who have had earlier conducted a sclera buckle needs to have the band removed with months or years after the treatment process in order to let the eye continue to grow as it should.
This treatment process involves the removal of the vitreous and then it is replaced with a saline solution. With the removal of the vitreous from the eyes, the scar tissue left on the retina can be removed out which lets the retina stay put and lay back down against the eyewall.
Why should you choose Drishtideep eye doctors?
With the advanced high precision laser therapy treatment process retinopathy of prematurity or ROP conducted at Drishtideep Eye institute involves very few risks. It is only made possible with the incorporation of a computer-aided robot which is very precise. Drishtideep is the best eye clinic in Howrah providing the best ROP treatment for infants which is being performed by the best surgeons in the industry. The doctors of Drishtideep Eye Institute have successfully provided ROP treatments in the past and still continue doing so using the state-of-the-art computerized robots and equipment available and advanced technology for providing the best scientific care possible within industry standard.
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